Prof. Dr. Shravan Vasishth

Professor, Dept. of Linguistics, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
Phone: +49-(0)331-977-2950 | Fax: - 2087 | Email: vasishth squiggle uni minus potsdam dot de
Orcid ID, google scholar, github, statistics blog, vasishth lab blog
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Open access and transparency in research

We routinely release data and code with published papers (on osf and github); we have been systematically working towards achieving open access to our research since 2010. I signed the research transparency commitment on Sept 9 2015.

Avetisyan, Serine, Lago, Sol, and Vasishth, Shravan. Does case marking affect agreement attraction in comprehension? Journal of Memory and Language, 2020. doi:
Baayen, R. Harald, Vasishth, Shravan, Kliegl, Reinhold, and Bates, Douglas M. The cave of shadows: Addressing the human factor with generalized additive mixed models. Journal of Memory and Language, pages 206–234, 2017. doi:10.1016/j.jml.2016.11.006.
Bartek, Brian, Lewis, Richard L., Vasishth, Shravan, and Smith, Mason. In search of on-line locality effects in sentence comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 37(5):1178–1198, 2011.
Beck, Sigrid and Vasishth, Shravan. Multiple focus. Journal of Semantics, 2009. URL:
Boston, Marisa F., Hale, John T., Vasishth, Shravan, and Kliegl, Reinhold. Parallel processing and sentence comprehension difficulty. Language and Cognitive Processes, 26(3):301–349, 2011. URL:
Boston, Marisa Ferrara, Hale, John T., Patil, Umesh, Kliegl, Reinhold, and Vasishth, Shravan. Parsing costs as predictors of reading difficulty: An evaluation using the Potsdam Sentence Corpus. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 2(1):1–12, 2008.
Burchert, Frank, Hanne, Sandra, and Vasishth, Shravan. Sentence comprehension disorders in aphasia: The concept of chance performance revisited. Aphasiology, 2012.
Bürki, Audrey, Elbuy, Shereen, Madec, Sylvain, and Vasishth, Shravan. What did we learn from forty years of research on semantic interference? A Bayesian meta-analysis. Journal of Memory and Language, 2020.
Drenhaus, Heiner, Zimmermann, Malte, and Vasishth, Shravan. Exhaustiveness effects in clefts are not truth-functional. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24:320–337, 2011.
Engelmann, Felix, Jäger, Lena A., and Vasishth, Shravan. The effect of prominence and cue association in retrieval processes: A computational account. Cognitive Science, 2020. doi:10.1111/cogs.12800.
Engelmann, Felix, Vasishth, Shravan, Engbert, Ralf, and Kliegl, Reinhold. A framework for modeling the interaction of syntactic processing and eye movement control. Topics in Cognitive Science, 5(3):452–474, 2013.
Frank, Stefan L., Trompenaars, Thijs, and Vasishth, Shravan. Cross-linguistic differences in processing double-embedded relative clauses: Working-memory constraints or language statistics? Cognitive Science, 40:554–578, 2015. doi:10.1111/cogs.12247.
Hanne, Sandra, Burchert, Frank, De Bleser, Ria, and Vasishth, Shravan. Sentence comprehension and morphological cues in aphasia: What eye-tracking reveals about integration and prediction. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 34:83–111, 2015.
Hanne, Sandra, Burchert, Frank, and Vasishth, Shravan. On the nature of the subject-object asymmetry in wh-question comprehension in aphasia: Evidence from eye-tracking. Aphasiology, 2015.
Hanne, Sandra, Sekerina, Irina, Vasishth, Shravan, Burchert, Frank, and Bleser, Ria De. Chance in agrammatic sentence comprehension: What does it really mean? Evidence from Eye Movements of German Agrammatic Aphasics. Aphasiology, 25:221–244, 2011.
Hofmeister, Philip and Vasishth, Shravan. Distinctiveness and encoding effects in online sentence comprehension. Frontiers in Psychology, 5:1–13, 2014. Article 1237. doi:doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01237.
Husain, Samar, Vasishth, Shravan, and Srinivasan, Narayanan. Strong expectations cancel locality effects: Evidence from Hindi. PLoS ONE, 9(7):1–14, 2014.
Husain, Samar, Vasishth, Shravan, and Srinivasan, Narayanan. Integration and prediction difficulty in Hindi sentence comprehension: Evidence from an eye-tracking corpus. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 8(2):1–12, 2015.
Jäger, Lena A., Mertzen, Daniela, Van Dyke, Julie A., and Vasishth, Shravan. Interference patterns in subject-verb agreement and reflexives revisited: A large-sample study. Journal of Memory and Language, 2020. URL:, doi:
Jäger, Lena A., Benz, Lena, Roeser, Jens, Dillon, Brian W., and Vasishth, Shravan. Teasing apart retrieval and encoding interference in the processing of anaphors. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015. URL:, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00506.
Jäger, Lena A., Chen, Zhong, Li, Qiang, Lin, Chien-Jer Charles, and Vasishth, Shravan. The subject-relative advantage in Chinese: Evidence for expectation-based processing. Journal of Memory and Language, 79–80:97–120, 2015.
Jäger, Lena A., Engelmann, Felix, and Vasishth, Shravan. Retrieval interference in reflexive processing: Experimental evidence from Mandarin, and computational modeling. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00617.
Jäger, Lena A., Engelmann, Felix, and Vasishth, Shravan. Similarity-based interference in sentence comprehension: Literature review and Bayesian meta-analysis. Journal of Memory and Language, 94:316–339, 2017. doi:
Kentner, Gerrit and Vasishth, Shravan. Prosodic focus marking in silent reading: Effects of discourse context and rhythm. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016. Frontiers in Psychology. URL:, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00319.
Keshtiari, Niloofar and Vasishth, Shravan. Reactivation of antecedents by overt vs null pronouns: Evidence from Persian. Journal of Language Modelling, 1(2):243–266, 2013.
Lewis, Richard L. and Vasishth, Shravan. An activation-based model of sentence processing as skilled memory retrieval. Cognitive Science, 29:1–45, 2005.
Lewis, Richard L., Vasishth, Shravan, and Van~Dyke, Julie. Computational principles of working memory in sentence comprehension. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10(10):447–454, 2006.
Logačev, Pavel and Vasishth, Shravan. A multiple-channel model of task-dependent ambiguity resolution in sentence comprehension. Cognitive Science, 40:266–298, 2015.
Logačev, Pavel and Vasishth, Shravan. Understanding underspecification: A comparison of two computational implementations. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(5):996–1012, 2016. doi:
Matuschek, Hannes, Kliegl, Reinhold, Vasishth, Shravan, Baayen, R. Harald, and Bates, Douglas M. Balancing Type I Error and Power in Linear Mixed Models. Journal of Memory and Language, 94:305–315, 2017. doi:10.1016/j.jml.2017.01.001.
McCurdy, Kate, Kentner, Gerrit, and Vasishth, Shravan. Implicit prosody and contextual bias in silent reading. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 6(2):1–17, 2013.
Metzner, Paul, von der Malsburg, Titus, Vasishth, Shravan, and Rösler, Frank. Brain responses to world-knowledge violations: A comparison of stimulus- and fixation-triggered event-related potentials and neural oscillations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(5):1017–1028, 2014. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00731.
Metzner, Paul, von der Malsburg, Titus, Vasishth, Shravan, and Rösler, Frank. The importance of reading naturally: Evidence from combined recordings of eye movements and electric brain potentials. Cognitive Science, 2016. doi:10.1111/cogs.12384.
Mätzig, Paul, Vasishth, Shravan, Engelmann, Felix, Caplan, David, and Burchert, Frank. A computational investigation of sources of variability in sentence comprehension difficulty in aphasia. Topics in Cognitive Science, 10(1):161–174, 2018.
Nicenboim, Bruno, Logačev, Pavel, Gattei, Carolina, and Vasishth, Shravan. When high-capacity readers slow down and low-capacity readers speed up: Working memory differences in unbounded dependencies. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016. Special Issue on Encoding and Navigating Linguistic Representations in Memory. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00280.
Nicenboim, Bruno, Roettger, Timo B., and Vasishth, Shravan. Using meta-analysis for evidence synthesis: The case of incomplete neutralization in German. Journal of Phonetics, 70:39–55, 2018. URL:, doi:
Nicenboim, Bruno and Vasishth, Shravan. Statistical methods for linguistic research: Foundational ideas – Part II. Language and Linguistics Compass, 10:591–613, 2016. doi:10.1111/lnc3.12207.
Nicenboim, Bruno and Vasishth, Shravan. Models of retrieval in sentence comprehension: A computational evaluation using Bayesian hierarchical modeling. Journal of Memory and Language, 99:1–34, 2018. doi:10.1016/j.jml.2017.08.004.
Nicenboim, Bruno, Vasishth, Shravan, Engelmann, Felix, and Suckow, Katja. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses in sentence processing: A case study of number interference in German. Cognitive Science, 2018. doi:10.1111/cogs.12589.
Nicenboim, Bruno, Vasishth, Shravan, Kliegl, Reinhold, Gattei, Carolina, and Sigman, Mariano. Working memory differences in long distance dependency resolution. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015. URL:
Nicenboim, Bruno, Vasishth, Shravan, and Rösler, Frank. Are words pre-activated probabilistically during sentence comprehension? evidence from new data and a Bayesian random-effects meta-analysis using publicly available data. Neuropsychologia, 2020. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107427.
Paape, Dario, Hemforth, Barbara, and Vasishth, Shravan. Processing of ellipsis with garden-path antecedents in French and German: Evidence from eye tracking. PLoS ONE, 2018. URL:
Paape, Dario, Nicenboim, Bruno, and Vasishth, Shravan. Does antecedent complexity affect ellipsis processing? An empirical investigation. Glossa, 2017. URL:
Paape, Dario and Vasishth, Shravan. Local coherence and preemptive digging-in effects in German. Language and Speech, 59:387–403, 2016.
Paape, Dario, Vasishth, Shravan, and von der Malsburg, Titus. Quadruplex negatio invertit? The on-line processing of depth charge sentences. Journal of Semantics, 2020. Accepted.
Patil, Umesh, Hanne, Sandra, Burchert, Frank, Bleser, Ria De, and Vasishth, Shravan. A computational evaluation of sentence comprehension deficits in aphasia. Cognitive Science, 40:5–50, 2016. doi:10.1111/cogs.12250.
Patil, Umesh, Kentner, Gerrit, Gollrad, Anja, Kügler, Frank, Féry, Caroline, and Vasishth, Shravan. Focus, word order and intonation in Hindi. Journal of South Asian Linguistics, 1(1):55–72, October 2008. URL:
Patil, Umesh, Vasishth, Shravan, and Lewis, Richard L. Retrieval interference in syntactic processing: The case of reflexive binding in English. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016. Special Issue on Encoding and Navigating Linguistic Representations in Memory. doi:
Rabe, Maximilian, Vasishth, Shravan, Hohenstein, Sven, Kliegl, Reinhold, and Schad, Daniel. Hypr: An R package for hypothesis-driven contrast coding. Journal of Open Source Software, 2020. doi:10.21105/joss.02134.
Safavi, Molood Sadat, Husain, Samar, and Vasishth, Shravan. Dependency resolution difficulty increases with distance in Persian separable complex predicates: implications for expectation and memory-based accounts. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016.
Schad, Daniel J., Betancourt, Michael, and Vasishth, Shravan. Towards a principled Bayesian workflow: A tutorial for cognitive science. Psychological Methods, 2020. In Press.
Schad, Daniel J., Vasishth, Shravan, Hohenstein, Sven, and Kliegl, Reinhold. How to capitalize on a priori contrasts in linear (mixed) models: A tutorial. Journal of Memory and Language, 2020. doi:
Sorensen, Tanner, Hohenstein, Sven, and Vasishth, Shravan. Bayesian linear mixed models using Stan: A tutorial for psychologists, linguists, and cognitive scientists. Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 12(3):175–200, 2016. URL:
Vasishth, S. Discourse context and word order preferences in Hindi. Yearbook of South Asian Languages, pages 113–127, 2004. URL:
Vasishth, Shravan. Word order, negation, and negative polarity in Hindi. Research on Language and Computation, 2002. URL:
Vasishth, Shravan. Planned experiments and corpus based research play a complementary role: Comment on “Dependency distance: a new perspective on syntactic patterns in natural languages” by Liu et al. Physics of Life Reviews, pages ??, 2017.
Vasishth, Shravan. Using Approximate Bayesian Computation for estimating parameters in the cue-based retrieval model of sentence processing. MethodsX, 2020.
Vasishth, Shravan, Bruessow, Sven, Lewis, Richard L., and Drenhaus, Heiner. Processing polarity: How the ungrammatical intrudes on the grammatical. Cognitive Science, 32(4):685–712, 2008.
Vasishth, Shravan, Chen, Zhong, Li, Qiang, and Guo, Gueilan. Processing Chinese relative clauses: Evidence for the subject-relative advantage. PLoS ONE, 8(10):1–14, 10 2013.
Vasishth, Shravan and Drenhaus, Heiner. Locality in German. Dialogue and Discourse, 1:59–82, 2011.
Vasishth, Shravan and Lewis, Richard L. Argument-head distance and processing complexity: Explaining both locality and antilocality effects. Language, 82(4):767–794, 2006.
Vasishth, Shravan, Mertzen, Daniela, Jäger, Lena A., and Gelman, Andrew. The statistical significance filter leads to overoptimistic expectations of replicability. Journal of Memory and Language, 103:151–175, 2018. URL:, doi:
Vasishth, Shravan and Nicenboim, Bruno. Statistical methods for linguistic research: Foundational ideas – Part I. Language and Linguistics Compass, 10(8):349–369, 2016.
Vasishth, Shravan, Nicenboim, Bruno, Beckman, Mary E., Li, Fangfang, and Kong, Eun Jong. Bayesian data analysis in the phonetic sciences: A tutorial introduction. Journal of Phonetics, 71:141–161, 2018. URL:, doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2018.07.008.
Vasishth, Shravan, Nicenboim, Bruno, Engelmann, Felix, and Burchert, Frank. Computational models of retrieval processes in sentence processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 23:968–982, 2019. doi:
Vasishth, Shravan, Shaher, Rukshin, and Srinivasan, Narayanan. The role of clefting, word order and given-new ordering in sentence comprehension: Evidence from Hindi. Journal of South Asian Linguistics, 2012.
Vasishth, Shravan, Suckow, Katja, Lewis, Richard L., and Kern, Sabine. Short-term forgetting in sentence comprehension: Crosslinguistic evidence from head-final structures. Language and Cognitive Processes, 25:533–567, 2011.
Vasishth, Shravan, von~der~Malsburg, Titus, and Engelmann, Felix. What eye movements can tell us about sentence comprehension. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, pages 125–134, 2012.
von der Malsburg, Titus, Kliegl, Reinhold, and Vasishth, Shravan. Determinants of scanpath regularity in reading. Cognitive Science, 39(7):1675–1703, 2015. doi:10.1111/cogs.12208.
von der Malsburg, Titus and Vasishth, Shravan. Scanpaths reveal syntactic underspecification and reanalysis strategies. Language and Cognitive Processes, 28(10):1545–1578, 2013. URL: 10.1080/01690965.2012.728232.
Wu, Fuyun, Kaiser, Elsi, and Vasishth, Shravan. Effects of early cues on the processing of Chinese relative clauses: Evidence for experience-based theories. Cognitive Science, 2017.
von~der~Malsburg, Titus and Vasishth, Shravan. What is the scanpath signature of syntactic reanalysis? Journal of Memory and Language, 65:109–127, 2011.